The chief commander of our central nervous system is the Mind. It contains billions of neurons each connected to other neurons by synapses. They will communicate via axons that take the messages to our body cells. Our mind has unique capabilities to acquire, perceive, process and store information.
Mind researchers are quite familiar and familiar with the operations of individual brain cells, however , they still do not really understand the way brain cells cooperate in groups of millions of cells. Some would consider the brain to be as being a biological computer, however this assumption and modelling is far from reality and cannot simulate the complexity of the brain.
The basic brain features such as breathing, regulating heart beats, controlling movement and other basic skills were known to scientific researchers from precious records first appeared in worms many million years ago. Since then our human brain went through evolution processes of obtaining more and more sophisticated functions and special abilities. These abilities include among others emotional, sexual and fighting behaviours located in newly evolved brain locations.
The brain needs continuous supply of air and glucose for its function. These types of needs are supplied by the bloodstream system. Our brain needs the nourishments like the rest of our body. This is why we feel at our best mental function after a healthy meal or slow and tired when we have a tendency eat sufficiently on time or consume unhealthy food.
Our brain’s primary power source is carbo fuel. Our body has the capability to convert carbohydrates from foods such as oatmeal or brown rice into glucose. Accordingly, we have to generate a daily supply of about 60% of our calories from carbohydrates.
To build neurotransmitters or chemicals that allow brain cells to communicate, our brain needs protein, such as: egg whitened, seafood or beans. Our body stops working the protein into amino-acids which affect our cognition and mood, such as dopamine, which help us to be alert. In addition to protein, our brain needs fatty acids, which are generated from Omega-3&6 fatty acids, olive oil and whole grain. Our brain also needs a range of vitamins and minerals such as vitamins B, E, magnesium, calcium and iron. To obtain those vitamins we have to eat new food in various colors.
Brain capability is unknown. We know that our brain have a lot of storage capacity plus processing power, but we don’t know how to estimate its actual capability.
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A popular assumption is that our brain’s capacity is 10 times greater than anybody’s estimate.
Our brain consists of trillions of neurons, with a huge number of complex interconnections. What vary from brain-to-brain are the types of neurons and the specific neurochemical interaction among the neurons. It is interesting to note that the construction of clusters of neurons and their specific interconnections may have an impact on one’s ability to learn and an influence on speed associated with understanding and reaction time to mental stimulations.
At birth, our brain is very plastic, that is, its capability to process and store sensory info is very high. Neuronal connections are generated, broken and regenerated, which suggests that early educational and environmental stimulations are essential for the child’s evolution. This is the critical period of the development of the child’s linguistic, cognitive and interpersonal abilities. A classical question is whether the infant brain is empty, a tabula rasa, at birth. The Ancient greek philosopher Aristotle (fourth century M. C. E. ) was probably the first to introduce the tabula rasa (blank slate) idea. According to the tabula rasa theory, an baby’s brain is empty of mental content, which will be acquired later with experience and understanding.
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